Matthias einwag the landscape is changing. Over thousands of years this happened gradually by the forces of nature. At present, man is rapidly changing the appearance of the environment and nature. We spoke with prof, the district curator of local history in upper franconia. Dr. Gunter dippold about the consequences of this. If you ride a bicycle through the villages and towns on the ob ermain, you will see much more than if you drove a car. Many buildings in the city centers are unrenovated, some are even dilapidated. Is this trend increasing?
Gunter dippold: figures are not available, but it feels like yes. We have villages without a single monument, apart from the local chapel. On the outskirts of the town stand stately new buildings, which certainly weren’t cheap, and in the center of town older buildings are just rotting away. One feels transported back to the 60s and early 70s, when many people despised the old and created new things instead. It needed today again a dieter wieland, who put the finger in the wound with his films at that time. At times there has been a certain rethinking. But now many people and communities are (once again) riding on the ancient tracks and rubbing off blithely. This also has an ecological side: new construction means a huge energy footprint.
To put it plainly: it is normal and quite all right for something old to disappear and something new to emerge. The decisive factors are the speed, which is currently too high, and the quality of the new sewage system.
Many of our new housing estates are rather unsightly. Why does today’s architecture not offer the original and typical variety of buildings of earlier generations??
It seems to me that two problems prevail: carelessness and obstinacy.
Many builders do not think about what they really need. There are huge boxes that stand half empty; some are not even completely finished inside after decades. Or one does not consider that one becomes old or can come to harm. Winding staircases in front of the house – who will climb them when you are no longer young and agile?? Who actually sits on the expensive yodel balcony in the french village? You buy a lot of building land and then fill it up with gravel.
Building loans are cheap at the moment. There is even less thought. If one day the interest rates increase, then the builder will own his house.
Stubbornness is reflected in the fact that i only ask for what i want – and not whether the house fits into its surroundings. Fitting into the existing stock, that does not mean that you have to give up individualism. Competent architects can help, but in many buildings no architect is involved in the real sense of the word. Even a municipal design statute could be of use – but unfortunately you can look for it with a magnifying glass in our country.
If our homeland is changed by these anonymous buildings, even the concept of homeland will be devalued?
Of course, home has to do with building and with the face of our villages. Ultimately, home is only created through community, through the accomplishment of common tasks. But for such a spirit and feeling to grow in a place, it must also be livable and have an appealing profile, socially as well as structurally. One may already once ask whether the population losses on the country have to do also with the fact that many of our villages become more hateful that they lose their long grown structural face. All too often, the country turns itself into a province.
That in the case of failed projects or perverse ideas with the word "home the fact that people are getting into mischief is something you see again and again.
Do city and town councils designate building areas for residential and commercial enterprises too roughly, instead of saving land and increasing the density of development in town centers??
Clearly yes. It becomes particularly curious when towns have been losing inhabitants or stagnating for years and decades – and yet sprawl out into the cultural landscape when one building area after another is designated, with all too coarse plots of land. At the same time veroden the innenorte. Land is a finite resource, and the cultural landscape that has evolved over time is of great sentimental value. A time of crisis like the present can make us realize how important, indeed vital, the preservation of agricultural land is. Instead, we continue to seal our land as if there were no tomorrow. The repeatedly invoked saving of space seems to me to be a bluff lip service: there is talk of it, but in concrete cases the decision-makers all too often buckle. The amount of land required for some trench construction projects is also a cause for concern.
Conversely, when old buildings disappear, it is often not for redevelopment, but with a reference to parking spaces to be created. I wonder blob who all should park in our village centers.
In times of the corona pandemic, can we still expect the state to provide further subsidies for the rehabilitation and preservation of old buildings or to set up new demand programs??
That the public coffers will be strained, everyone knows. But old building reorganization uses also operated, particularly craftsmen, thus the domestic economy. That’s quite demanding. Moreover, a tourist region like ours cannot survive in the long term without good local images.
In addition, it needs not only demand money, but at least in the same mab better tax advantages, as they are also maintained in other places. Owners of historical monuments can claim their renovation costs from the tax office. Unfortunately, the responsible authorities are very restrictive when it comes to recognizing the building as a monument. Even owners who want to do this themselves and have good reasons for doing so are not infrequently rejected – and with arguments that I find hard to understand. But the renovation of old buildings that are not monuments must also be supported more strongly. Municipalities can help through intensive consultation in advance. Otherwise the flat savings will never work out. The interview was conducted by matthias einwag.